lundi 23 janvier 2012

Le document secret qui a transformé la Chine...

...d'un enfer collectiviste 100% planifié a une économie semi-libre qui est encore planifiée mais avec des poches saines de liberté économique.

Via Economic Policy Journal et

Current day China is a mixed bag of central planning and free market activity. There likely will be a great economic crash in China because of the central planning, which has resulted in things like 40 million plus vacant apartments. But China, even with this central planning, is much better off than during the complete planning of the Mao reign.

National Public Radio has this fascinating report on how, in part, China broke free from the Mao inspired chains:
In 1978, the farmers in a small Chinese village called Xiaogang gathered in a mud hut to sign a secret contract. They thought it might get them executed. Instead, it wound up transforming China's economy in ways that are still reverberating today.

The contract was so risky — and such a big deal — because it was created at the height of communism in China. Everyone worked on the village's collective farm; there was no personal property.

"Back then, even one straw belonged to the group," says Yen Jingchang, who was a farmer in Xiaogang in 1978. "No one owned anything."

At one meeting with communist party officials, a farmer asked: "What about the teeth in my head? Do I own those?" Answer: No. Your teeth belong to the collective.

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